Surgery is the treatment of choice for the largest varicose veins. Several techniques exist, in fact. One of the most classic procedures is the stripping and removing of the main vein of the lower limbs (saphenous vein) by making two small incisions at the ankle and the groin. The procedure is completed by the removal of all small varicose veins that could develop from the saphenous vein. To learn more, visit varicose veins treatments today or continue reading the fantastic text below.
After the ablation of the superficial veins, blood returns through the deep veins. The only absolute cons-indication to surgical stripping is obstruction of the deep venous system, mostly caused by phlebitis. This type of procedure is performed in the operating room, under epidural or general anesthesia. Hospitalizations are shorter and shorter, often several hours, and will not exceed two days (in most cases). If bruises start to appear (which they most likely will after any surgery), keep in mind that they should fade in two to three weeks. Walking should be resumed the day after the procedure, but a three-week work stoppage is usually prescribed.
Surgery can be practiced at any age, except during pregnancy, and in any season. However, be aware that the people should wear specifically-prescribed stockings, which is necessary for two to four weeks after the operation. People can also wear them when experiencing the more painful periods. Heat can exacerbate the issue as well, so keep that in mind.
Sclerotherapy can be also used. To treat smaller varicose veins, the choice is usually determined between sclerotherapy and stripping. Sclerotherapy has the advantage of being a much lighter method, performed in the office and not requiring anesthesia. It consists of injections into the varices, with a fine needle, a substance that will induce a retraction and a hardening of the diseased vein, which will clog each vein treated. This is also known as sclerosis. Activities can be resumed immediately, as a work stoppage is not necessary. The procedure seems simple, but it nevertheless requires crucial experience to ensure the injection is precise. There is a small but serious risk of accidental injection into an artery. Because of this, most doctors will use an ultrasound guidance system that ensures the product is injected correctly into the vein.
New techniques must not be ignored. Laser, radiofrequency and sclerotherapy cause fewer immediate side effects than surgery, with medium-term results that appear to be as good. So visit a local specialist to figure out the respective performances of these new methods.